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Why India is the best place to learn about ADR

The best place to learn about ADR is India. In southern India (as well as occasionally in some countries in Europe), 35mm motion pictures are shot MOS (The actual origin of the abbreviation MOS and therefore its meaning is not doubtlessly to be specified; it's often

referred to the legend that a German-speaking film director translated badly "Mit Ton aus" into "with out sound" ). Then all the dialog is added later using ADR. This means none of the dialog is in sync.

Question: Why do they do this?  Answer: India has over 30 languages. Actually, India is like a group of countries, each speaking their own language. Therefore, a motion picture for the Indian market must be dubbed into many different languages.

In Madras 80% of heroines and 50% heroes do not speak the language in which the movie is made. So they are left with no other option but to do ADR. The dts technology help them to do different language shows with same print.That is why 60%of theatres are dts ready.

All except one of the dubs would look out of sync... even if they used sync sound. So why not have them all out of sync by not using any sync sound? The logic of this might not seem ideal but the economics is wonderful.

By shooting MOS, you do not have to worry about noise on the movies set. That saves you 50% of your time right there. You don't have to worry about getting actors who can say their lines clearly. You don't have to use movie cameras which have accurate motors. You don't need a clapper to keep the audio in sync. (Note: In Madras, many of the profitable, low-budget comedies are filmed with an old Arri "C" camera. You can never get sync sound with that camera because of the noise and the less-than-perfect motor speed.)

In case you think that this is just one or two movies, remember that in Madras (Chennai), India, more motion pictures are filmed each year than in any other city in the world... including Hollywood.

In case you think that no professional movie will ever be filmed this way, look at "The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly". Almost all of the dialog shots were filmed MOS. Even the Indian people like to watch the later dubbed sound instead of the sync sound.

The secret of doing movies MOS and adding all the dialog later via ADR is the quality of the actor's voices. If you have highly skilled actors with good vocal control doing the ADR for the entire movies, the results are more than acceptable. The voice actors for "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly" had been doing radio dramas for years when they did the ADR for this movie for all but the principle characters in the movie, most of whom were speaking another language.

ADR does not work as well when you mix shots done MOS with shots done with sync sound. Then people can hear the difference. Some movies get away with mixing MOS shots with sync sound shots by using sync sound only for close-up shots and using MOS for all the rest of the motion picture.

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